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Literacy is taught throughout Key Stage 1 via a daily structured Literacy lesson, which is based upon the National Curriculum objectives. Throughout these sessions, children are able to develop and extend their speaking & listening, reading and writing skills. In addition to this, children also take part in a 20 minute focused Phonics lesson every day and a 20 minute reading session. Phonics are based on Letters and Sounds with some resources used from Read, Write inc. Learning is planned using the EYFS framework in Foundation Stage.


We support children to see themselves as readers and writers from a young age and share a range of different types of texts with them such as stories, information books and poetry. We use a variety of reading schemes, including Oxford Reading Tree, Rigby Stars and Read, Write inc.  We introduce a wide variety of vocabulary linked to each topic and also to particular genres of writing. Literacy lessons are very active with children listening to and retelling well-known and new stories through the use of talk for writing techniques and drama.


Opportunities are also given for children to extend their learning through purposeful homework, and we value the role of parents in sharing books at home with their children.

Parents are encouraged to be actively involved in their child's development in Literacy through:

  • Parents meetings
  • Open evenings
  • Annual reports to parents
  • Literacy homework
  • Personal pupil targets for Literacy



At Sitwell Infant School we are committed to provide a rich and comprehensive reading programme, offering a range of opportunities to become fluent, enthusiastic readers. A wide range of reading experiences is offered through the Literacy Lesson.

Shared Reading (Big Books or Large Texts)

When reading the Big Books or large texts the teacher helps children become better readers, for example, by demonstrating how to read accurately and fluently and teaching appropriate reading strategies.

Guided Reading (Reading in groups with the teacher or teaching assistant)

Guided reading usually takes place twice a week. A group of children with similar reading ability each has a copy of the same book. The book is specially chosen to match the reading ability of the group. The teacher or teaching assistant teaches appropriate reading strategies or skills, many of which are the same as those outlined in the Shared Reading paragraph above. Guided reading provides opportunities for children to take part in discussion where they can enthuse and learn from each other.

Home/School reading and other independent reading

We really value and appreciate the time parents spend reading with their children at home. This is vital for developing fluency and establishing a good reading habit and a love of books. To help each child take the next important steps in learning, a target sheet with prompts is attached in their reading diary. These are the skills and strategies that the staff at school are teaching children during guided reading sessions and should help parents when reading at home.


The Home/School books are colour coded and stored in the corridor. Children should be encouraged to select a reading book from the colour band that they are reading in class. In addition we have many books in school, both fiction and non-fiction, from which the children can chose, so giving them an opportunity to increase their language experience and appreciation of the written word.

The school bookshop (Friday mornings in the corridor) offers a great selection of picture books and further enables children to develop a love of books.



Writing is taught through the Literacy Hour by Shared Writing and Guided Writing. Shared Writing is a powerful teaching strategy where the teacher demonstrates different writing skills. It also allows children to learn many features of writing so that they can apply their learning when writing independently.

All children's written work is valued, from marks on paper in F2 to a fluent piece of prose or poetry from our older Y2 children. We acknowledge the need for children to pass through many stages before they become fluent, confident communicators in print. The messages that children are communicating is of paramount importance and we value each stage of the writing process.

Guided Writing

In Guided Writing the teacher or teaching assistant supports a group of children to improve their writing by sensitive intervention, direct modelling and shared ideas. Spelling, grammar and handwriting are taught throughout the school each day in the Literacy Lesson.

We teach children to write using lowercase letters and therefore children who have been taught to write their name in capital letters can become confused. Further information about letter formation is available upon request.



The children enjoy listening to stories and poems, saying rhymes, participating in drama and role play - all of which help to develop their listening and speaking skills. They become confident, fluent and articulate, and very able to express themselves. They also become interested in and are able to listen to other people's thoughts and feelings, ideas and opinions, and value them.